Understanding Word Types

Understanding Word Types
Words belong to different groups or word types. The main word types are:
nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, pronouns and connectives 

Each type of word has a different role in a sentence. Look at the following sentence: 

The   young   child   quickly   followed   his   parents   into the   room   and   then   he   sat   down.
The nouns are child, parents, room. 

Nouns are names for things. Child is the subject of the sentence and tells us who carried out the action. Parents are the object and tell us who the child followed. 

The verbs are followed and sat.
Verbs are doing words. Followed and sat tell us what the child did. They can also be used for actions of the mind - eg think, believe, remember - and for describing existence - eg be, own, belong, exist. 

The adjective is young.
Adjectives describe nouns. Young tell us something about the child. 

The adverbs are quickly and then.
Adverbs describe the way the verb is carried out. Quickly tells us how the child followed. Then tells us when he sat down. Adverbs can tell us how, when, how much something is done. 

The prepositions are into and down.
Prepositions can tell us about place, time and movement. Into and down tell us about the child’s movement. They can also be used to connect two words - eg interested in football, afraid of spiders. Other prepositions include: at, by, to, in, for, between etc 

The pronouns are his and he.
Pronouns are used to avoid repeating a noun. His and he are an alternative to repeating ‘the child’s’ and ‘the child’. Other pronouns include: it, she, her, they, them, we, us, that, this. 

The connective is and.
Connectives are used to join two ideas. Here and tells us that the boy did another thing. Other connectives include: but, or, so, although, therefore.

Last modified: Friday, 6 March 2020, 11:53 AM